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Thinking of Changing Your Major? Here are 5 Key Factors to Consider Before Taking the Leap

Thinking of Changing your Major? Here are 5 Key Factors to Consider Before Taking the Leap

So you’ve started your college journey as one major, but now you’re having second thoughts. The classes, career options, or subject matter may not be what you expected or truly want to pursue anymore.

You’re not alone – it’s estimated that 30-50% of college students change their major at some point.

But switching your major is still a big decision that requires some reflection first.

Here are five key factors to weigh when considering if changing your major is right for you:

1. Your Passion and Interests

This is likely the most significant factor to think over.

  • What topics, industries, or job roles are you genuinely excited about or curious to learn more about?
  • What gets you eager to jump out of bed in the morning?

Make a list of your passions, interests, and hobbies, and see if any particular major aligns with more items than your current field of study.

As you can see from the example above, a psychology or social work degree likely connects stronger to the student’s true interests versus say a business degree.

The classes, homework, internships, and eventual careers will be far more fulfilling when you care about the field itself.

2. Your Strengths and Talents

Similarly, reflect on the skills and strengths that come most naturally to you.

  • What did you excel at in high school or your current college courses?
  • What projects or roles allow you to leverage your innate talents?

Maybe you have a knack for computer programming and can envision being a software engineer. Word problems and advanced math click for you, sparking ideas of becoming an accountant or financial analyst.

Match your degree path to play to these existing strengths whenever possible. You’ll set yourself up for greater academic and professional success by aligning with your natural abilities versus trying to overload on developing completely new skill sets.

Look at areas where you have raw talent and find related majors and careers that allow you to amplify these strengths.

3. Career Options and Earning Potential

An obvious but critical factor is investigating what actual jobs are available for a given major along with the earning potential.

  • What does the job market look like for your current versus prospective major?
  • How competitive is it to land-related roles?
  • What salary ranges are common early to later on in your career?

Resources like the Bureau of Labor Statistics and university career centers can provide key data to inform your decision-making process.

You want to avoid choosing an oversaturated field unless you’re confident you can stand out. Understanding income potential will clarify if certain careers can support your lifestyle expectations.

Balancing passion with practicality is wise here – even if you love certain subjects, the jobs may be scarce or lower-paying. Have realistic expectations before diving in.

4. Time and Money Considerations

Speaking of practicalities, assessing the time and money is important as well before officially changing your major.

  • Will changing your major add extra semesters or years until graduation?
  • How might that impact total tuition costs?
  • Would you still qualify for certain scholarships if you shifted degree programs?

Mapping out a whole four-year course schedule can clarify if an alternate major realistically fits or would cause delays. And explore if aid packages shift if your major itself changes.

The last thing you want is to switch only to learn it tacks on extra loan debt or semesters you didn’t initially budget for. Have all the financial information to make an informed choice.

5. Input from Mentors and Advisors


Finally, consult unbiased mentors like professors, academic advisors, career center counselors, or even your connections working in fields of interest.

  • What insights can they share on the industries or jobs related to prospective majors?
  • Any downsides or challenges to consider regarding certain fields?
  • Would they recommend for or against particular degrees given your skills and interests?

Leverage these outside experts as thought partners to validate assumptions or reveal considerations you may have overlooked.

Discuss integrally if changing your major makes strategic sense for achieving your goals and getting where you aspire to go career-wise in the long run.

Key Takeaways on Whether to Change Majors

Deciding whether changing your major to suit you should not be taken lightly. Review this checklist before taking action:

  • Reflect on passions – What topics and careers excite you more than your current major? How strong is the alignment?
  • Assess innate talents – What skills come naturally to you? Which majors and jobs allow you to leverage these strengths?
  • Vet career prospects – What do salary ranges, competition levels, and job data look like for prospects? Set proper expectations.
  • Map time + money – How might changing majors impact tuition costs, loan debt, or years until graduation? Model out scenarios.
  • Talk to mentors – Get unbiased, expert perspectives on industries tied to majors you’re considering. Discuss the pros and cons.

If after examining these key areas you feel confident and convicted in a new direction, validate the next steps with your academic advisor. Determine precise courses and timelines so you can graduate on time while pursuing studies you’re genuinely enthusiastic about.

Stay pragmatic but also self-aware throughout the process of finalizing a major change. And realize it’s normal to pivot as you learn more about your innate passions and talents during young adulthood.

Frequently Asked Questions on Changing Majors

Still, evaluating if or when to change your major? Here are answers to some other common questions that you may have:

What percentage of college students change their major?

When is the best time to change your major?

  • It is suggested to do so earlier on, ideally either first year or sophomore year. This prevents racking up credits that may not apply to a new major. But everyone’s journey is unique – focus more on finding the right fit than fast track.

Is switching majors bad?

  • While it may require extra planning, changing your major itself does not have to be “bad”. It’s an opportunity to calibrate your studies towards topics you’re more passionate about. Just be sure the reasons why align with the key factors covered earlier to set yourself up for success.

Can you change majors multiple times?

  • Yes, you can change your major more than once, but take heed. Each change likely results in more wasted credits that don’t count toward graduation requirements in your new field of study. Be intentional about the second or third major change to avoid excess tuition costs or elongated time.

Will switching majors delay graduation?

  • It certainly can if not managed carefully. Meet with academic advisors to map out how existing credits apply to the new major’s curriculum. You may need to take summer or intersession courses to stay on track to graduate on time. Proactively course-correct through planning.

How do I tell my parents I want to change my major?

  • Have an open, non-confrontational dialogue sharing what aspects of your current major are not working vs. what draws you towards the prospective new direction. Please provide details on the career prospects and how they align with the strengths you want to leverage. Assure them you’ll work closely with advisors so their tuition investment won’t be wasted. Address their concerns transparently.

Think critically through these common questions and any others troubling you. No need to rush but do seek answers to validate if changing your major is what you need.

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